Rashtra Gaurav And Environmental Studies MCQ For BA,BSC,BCOM SEM VI lucknow university

This multiple-choice questionnaire (MCQ) is based on the Lucknow University Semester Exam 2023. It is designed to be helpful for Lucknow University students who are preparing to participate in the semester exams for BS, BSc, and BCom.

Haematite is an ore of:
(a) Lead
(b) Zinc
(c) Aluminium
(d) Iron
Ans: (d)

Which of the following landforms is largely rich in mineral deposits?
(a) Plateau
(b) Valley
(c) Mountains
(d) Plains
Ans: (b)

Which among the following is a renewable source of energy?
(a) Petroleum
(b) Wood
(c) Atomic fuel
(d) Coal
Ans: (c)

The world’s largest petrol producer is:
(a) India
(b) Australia
(c) Saudi Arabia
(d) Russia
Ans: (c)

The highest grade and best quality of coal is:
(a) Lignite
(b) Peat
(c) Bituminous
(d) Anthracite
Ans: (d)

Renewable energy can be obtained from:
(a) Radioactive elements
(b) Fossils
(c) Natural Gas
(d) Biomass
Ans: (d)

Soilless agriculture is also known as:
(a) Hygroponics
(b) Hydroponics
(c) Inter-cropping
(d) Sericulture
Ans: (b)

Which country is known as the ‘Sugar Bowl of the World’?
(a) Cuba
(b) USA
(c) India
(d) Brazil
Ans: (a)

India is the world’s largest producer of:
(a) Rice
(b) Maize
(c) Wheat
(d) Cotton
Ans: (c)

The largest producer of milk in the world is:
(a) America
(b) India
(c) Japan
Ans: (b)

The most densely populated continent in the world is:
(a) Europe
(b) Asia
(c) Africa
(d) Australia
Ans: (a)

The draught animal ‘Llamas’ are found in:
(a) Alps
(b) Andes
(c) Tibet
(d) Arctic
Ans: (b)

Name the first Asian country to orbit Mars.
(a) India
(b) Pakistan
(c) Sri Lanka
(d) Russia
Ans: (a)

The Coconut Triangle is located in:
(a) Sri Lanka
(b) Maldives
(c) India
(d) Bangladesh
Ans: (b)

The capital of Fiji is:
(a) Kingston
(b) Port Louis
(c) Yemen
(d) Paramaribo
Ans: (d)

The Palk Strait lies between:
(a) India and Bangladesh
(b) India and Sri Lanka
(c) Britain and Europe
(d) Taiwan and China
Ans: (b)

Per capita use of water is highest in:
(a) Japan
(b) United States
(c) Saudi Arabia
(d) Australia
Ans: (a)

Which gas is a mixture of gases and contains mainly methane and higher hydrocarbons?
(a) Propane
(b) Butane
(c) Ethane
(d) LPG (liquefied petroleum gas)
Ans: (d)

The Great Barrier Reef is located in:
(a) Australia
(b) Brazil
(c) Philippines
(d) Mexico
Ans: (a)

Solar System consists of
(a) The Sun and the Moon
(b) The Sun and the Earth
(c) The Earth and the Moon
(d) The Sun and its nine planets
Ans: (d)

Ecosystem is
(a) All living organisms
(b) All living organisms plus the physical environment of an area
(c) All non-living bacteria
(d) None of these
Ans: (b)

Whatever the women produce they are titled only to
(a) 3% of the world’s land
(b) 2% of the world’s land
(c) 1% of the world’s land
(d) None of these
Ans: (c)

The study of human population is called as:
(a) Algebra
(b) Diversity
(c) Sampling
(d) Demography
Ans: (d)

Out of the total area of the earth, land covers
(a) 15.84 billion sq km
(b) 14.84 billion sq km
(c) 13.84 billion sq km
(d) 16.84 billion sq km
Ans: (b)

One of the sources of nuclear energy is
(a) Monazite sand
(b) Thorium
(c) Uranium
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

During aestivation, some animals
(a) Take shelter on trees
(b) Migrate to other places
(c) Go underground
(d) None of these
Ans: (c)

Due to silicosis, a person suffers from
(a) Fever
(b) Headache and breathing trouble
(c) None of these
Ans: (c)

Earth is a
(a) Planet
(b) Galaxy
(c) Star
(d) None of these
Ans: (a)

Human Rights Commission is a
(a) Private Body
(b) Government Body
(c) Autonomous Body
(d) None of these
Ans: (c)

Conventional routes of production of electricity are
(a) 5 types
(b) 4 types
(c) 3 types
(d) None of these
Ans: (c)

An average healthy person can survive without water for
(a) 6 days
(b) 5 days
(c) 9 days
(d) 7 days
Ans: (b)

Intensity of sound is expressed in the unit of
(a) Bel
(b) Decibel
(c) ke
(d) lb
Ans: (b)

Green bench was formed on
(a) 1962
(b) 1970
(c) 1986
(d) 1990
Ans: (c)

A disease is a
(a) Normal condition
(b) Abnormality
(c) Sudden drop of immunity
(d) Departure from a state of health
Ans: (c)

Out of the total land area, forests and grasslands cover
(a) 1/5th of the total land area
(b) 1/3rd of the total land area
(c) 1/6th of the total land area
(d) None of these
Ans: (b)

Who has the right to the environment?
(a) Human
(b) Plants
(c) Animals
(d) All species
Ans: (d)

The water which flows through the rivers is called
(a) Lentic water
(b) Lotic water
(c) Runaway water
(d) None of these
Ans: (b)

A normal man breathes on average
(a) 14 times/minute
(b) 12 times/minute
(c) 15 times/minute
(d) 18 times/minute
Ans: (c)

A sequence of transfer of food energy from organisms in one trophic level to those in another is called
(a) Nutrient cycle
(b) Food chain
(c) Food cycle
(d) None of these
Ans: (b)

The portion of the earth and its atmosphere in which organisms live is called:
(a) Biosphere
(b) Biomass
(c) Biota
(d) Biome
Ans: (a)

Fabric filter, cyclone separator, electrostatic precipitator are the various processes used for:
(a) Controlling dust
(b) Controlling air pollutants
(c) Controlling particulate pollutants, etc.
(d) None of these
Ans: (c)

Withdrawal of water has tripled from 1950 to 1995, and the approximate amount is:
(a) 3870 cubic meters
(b) 3670 cubic meters
(c) 3860 cubic meters
(d) 3760 cubic meters
Ans: (b)

Energy flow through an ecosystem is:
(a) Unidirectional
(b) Bidirectional
(c) Multidirectional
(d) None of these
Ans: (a)

All green autophytic plants are regarded as:
(a) Producers
(b) Non-regarded as producers
(c) Regarded as decomposers
(d) None of these
Ans: (a)

Ecological thinking with no importance to man is known as:
(a) Autecology
(b) Population ecology
(c) Deep ecology
(d) None of these
Ans: (c)

The full form of PAN is:
(a) Peroxyamyl Nitrate
(b) Peroxyacetyl Nitrate
(c) Polyoxyamyl Nitrate
(d) Peroxycetyl Nitrate
Ans: (d)

Impulse noise means:
(a) Noise of short duration with high impact
(b) Noise of medium duration
(c) Noise of short duration with low impact
(d) None of these
Ans: (a)

When and where did the Chipko movement initiate?
(a) April 1973, Uttarakhand
(b) June 1951, Kerala
(c) June 1961, Uttarakhand
(d) August 1961, Kerala
Ans: (a)

Field Capacity means:
(a) Only hygroscopic water
(b) Only capillary water
(c) Both hygroscopic and capillary water
(d) None of these
Ans: (c)

Arboreal animal means:
(a) Animals who can fly
(b) Animals living in trees
(c) Animals living in trees and land
(d) Animals living in both land and sea
Ans: (c)

Free-floating hydrophyte is:
(a) Pistia
(b) Dolphin
(c) Shark
(d) Vallisneria
Ans: (a)

Ethology refers to:
(a) The study of the behavior of soil
(b) The study of the behavior of plants
(c) The study of the behavior of birds
(d) None of these
Ans: (d)

For the generation of wind energy, the required wind speed is:
(a) 15-18 Km/hr.
(b) 18-20 Km/hr.
(c) 20-22 Km/hr.
(d) 22-25 Km/hr.
Ans: (b)

The main gas responsible for the formation of the Ozone hole is:
(a) Carbon dioxide
(b) Carbon monoxide
(c) Chlorofluorocarbon
(d) Hydrocarbon
Ans: (c)

Who has a great role in the forest economy?
(a) Male
(b) Female
(c) Child
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

AIDS is caused by:
(a) CFC
(b) BHC
(c) HIV (+)
(d) PC

Ans: (c)

The “hot spots” of India are known as:
(a) Eastern Ghats
(b) Western Himalayas
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these
Ans: (b)

According to CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board), the safe level of noise during the day in a residential zone is:
(a) 95 dB
(b) 55 dB
(c) 45 dB
(d) 65 dB
Ans: (b)

The total amount of water on Earth is estimated to be approximately:
(a) 1.56 billion cubic kilometers
(b) 1.46 billion cubic kilometers
(c) 1.36 billion cubic kilometers
(d) 1.26 billion cubic kilometers
Ans: (c)

Ectoparasites are:
(a) Parasites that live inside the surface of the host
(b) Parasites that live just on the body
(c) Non-living parasites
(d) Parasites that are similar to the host
Ans: (a)

African tropical grasslands are known as:
(a) Savannas
(b) Pampas
(c) Prairies
(d) Oasis
Ans: (a)

The Tehri Dam project is situated in:
(a) Punjab
(b) Assam
(c) Bihar
(d) Uttarakhand
Ans: (d)

The book “Origin of Species” was written by:
(a) Charles Darwin
(b) Jefrey
(c) Pythagoras
(d) Wegner
Ans: (a)

The largest island in the world is:
(a) Sri Lanka
(b) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(c) Greenland
(d) Lakshadweep
Ans: (c)

The “Indian Institute of Sugar Technology” is situated in:
(a) Meerut
(b) Ahmedabad
(c) Kanpur
(d) Agra
Ans: (c)

The “Indian Board of Wildlife” was established in:
(a) 1952
(b) 1972
(c) 1977
(d) 1990
Ans: (b)

The “Indian Rhinoceros Protection Act” was made in:
(a) 1954
(b) 1972
(c) 1977
(d) 1990
Ans: (a)

The percentage of forest cover in India is:
(a) 21.2
(b) 3.5
(c) 38.25
(d) 7.82
Ans: (b)

The Forest Research Institute of India is situated in:
(a) Kolkata
(b) Madurai
(c) Chennai
(d) Dehradun
Ans: (d)

The cleanest water lake in the world is:
(a) Wular Lake
(b) Black Sea
(c) Aral Sea
(d) Lake Baikal
Ans: (a)

What is the largest delta of India?
(a) Sunder Bans
(b) Kaveri Delta
(c) Both of the above
(d) None of the above
Ans: (b)

“Cloud Seeding” is done for:
(a) Stopping rain
(b) Clearing sunshine
(c) Improving fertility
(d) Increasing rain
Ans: (c)

The percentage of oxygen in the atmosphere is:
(a) 28
(b) 21
(c) 46
(d) 78
Ans: (b)

The coir industry is mainly concentrated in:
(a) Assam
(b) Uttarakhand
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Kerala
Ans: (d)

The prime target of the AIDS virus when it attacks a human is:
(a) Helper T cells
(b) Red Blood Cells
(c) White Blood Cells
(d) Liver cells
Ans: (a)

The place in India with the highest amount of rainfall is:
(a) Arunachal Pradesh
(b) Kerala
(c) Meghalaya
(d) Uttarakhand
Ans: (c)

The “Land of the Rising Sun” is:
(a) South Korea
(b) Japan
(c) China
(d) India
Ans: (b)

The cleanest city in the world is:
(a) Shanghai
(b) Mumbai
(c) Calgary
(d) Rio De Janeiro
Ans: (c)

BOD stands for:
(a) Biological Oxygen Demand
(b) Biological Organic Demand
(c) Biochemical Oxygen Demand
(d) Biochemical Organic Demand
Ans: (a)

Earth is protected from ultraviolet radiations because of
a) Acid Rain
b) Forest
c) Ozone Layer
d) Smog
Answer: c)

International Women’s Day is celebrated on
a) 8 March
b) 8 April
c) 8 September
d) 5 September
Answer: (a)

“Jhuming” is a type of
a) Agriculture
b) Business
c) Mining
d) Cattle
Answer: (b)

Radioactive radiation affects
a) Liver
b) Skin
c) Eyes
d) Both b) and c)
Answer: d)

Animals and plants which live on the bottom of the sea are called
a) Planktons
b) Benthos
c) Nekton
d) None of these
Answer: b) Benthos

Vienna Conference (regarding Human Rights) was held on
a) 2002
b) 1993
c) 1997
d) 1989
Answer: b) 1993

What are the asexual life cycles of plasmodium?
a) Prearithrocitic
b) Arithrocitic
c) Exoerythrocytic
d) All of the above
Answer: d)

The largest continent is
a) Africa
b) Asia
c) Europe
d) North America
Answer: b)
International Year of Human Rights is
a) 1967
b) 1972
c) 1993
d) 1968
Answer: d)

Out of the total land area, forest and woodland cover about
a) 2 billion hectares
b) 4.6 billion hectares
c) 1 billion hectare
d) 3.89 billion hectares
Answer: d)

Heredity and environment are
a) Independent
b) Interdependent
c) Responsible for most of the human diseases
d) None of these
Answer: b)

Black soils are black in color due to
a) Magnesium
b) Iron
c) Humus
d) All of these
Answer: d)

Which one of the following is not a fossil fuel?
a) Coal
b) Petroleum
c) Wood
d) All of these
Answer: c)

Earth’s crust rich in silica and magnesium is called
a) Sial
b) Sima
c) Sila
d) None of these
Answer: b)

Savannah is
a) Tropical grassland
b) Equatorial grassland
c) Polar grassland
d) Subtropical grassland
Answer: a)

The chemical structure where genes are located is called
a) BNA
b) DNA
c) RBC
d) Neutrophils
Answer: b)

Ozonosphere is the upper part of
a) Stratosphere
b) Atmosphere
c) Thermosphere
d) Ionosphere
Answer: a)

Which of the countries is the largest producer of solar energy?
a) Germany
b) Sweden
c) Israel
d) America
Answer: c)

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)
is known as
a) Propane
b) Ethane
c) Methane
d) Butane
Answer: c)

Rat is observed as the reservoir of which disease?
a) Plague
b) Diphtheria
c) Zika
d) Cholera
Answer: c)

Greenpeace is
a) Movement against wars
b) Child health organization
c) International organization for the protection of green and peace formed in Amsterdam, Netherlands
d) None of these
Answer: c)

What is sporozoite?
a) When plasmodium enters human blood
b) When plasmodium enters the liver
c) When plasmodium spreads throughout the body through blood
d) None of these
Ans: a)

Ozone layer absorbs
a) Nano Rays
b) Infra-Red Radiation
c) UV Radiation
d) Chlorine Atoms
Ans: c)

Autotrophic component is that which
a) Cannot manufacture its own food from biotic components
b) Can produce their own food from biotic components
c) Are parasitic plants which depend on other plants for living
d) None of these
Ans: b)

Which activity is responsible for deformation of the land surface on a large scale?
a) Agricultural activity
b) Industrial activity
c) Mining activity
d) None of these
Ans: c)

Aerosol in the atmosphere is
a) A type of gas
b) Suspended impurities
c) A type of cloud
d) Minute dust particles
Ans: d)

Following is not found in natural condition in India
a) Tiger
b) Zebra
c) Rhinoceros
d) None of these
Ans: b)

80% of the energy requirement is made by
a) Wood
b) Fossil fuel
c) Geothermal energy
d) Nuclear energy
Ans: b)

Hibernation occurs during
a) Summer
b) Autumn
c) Rainy season
d) Winter
Ans: d)

Among all the dissolved salts in oceanic water, the highest is
a) MgCl
b) NaCl
c) NaOH
d) KCl
Ans: b)

One of the methods of solid waste management is
a) Landfills
b) Filtration
c) Recycling
d) Both (a) and (c)
Ans: d)

About % of the earth’s surface is covered by water?
a) 78
b) 95
c) 97
d) 88.9
Ans: c)

Soils which are waterlogged are called
a) Physiologically wet
b) Physiologically dry
c) Submerged soil
d) None of these
Ans: a)

The one geothermal station situated in India is at
a) Himachal Pradesh
b) Punjab
c) Uttar Pradesh
d) None of these
Ans: a)

The metal causing (toxicity of) Minamata disease is
a) Copper
b) Lead
c) Mercury
d) Iron
Ans: c)

Binnie Tersian Malana is caused by
a) Plasmodium vivax
b) Plasmodium malariae
c) Plasmodium orale
Ans: a)

Minamata disaster is a
a) Natural disaster
b) Large-scale disaster
c) Small-scale disaster
d) Artificial disaster
Ans: d)

The radioactive substance used in atomic power plants is
a) Uranium-235
b) Uranium-238
c) Polonium
d) All of these
Ans: d)

Earth summit was held in
a) Chicago, USA
b) Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
c) Adelaide, Australia
d) Brasilia, Brazil
Ans: b)

The International date line is called as:
(a) 0° latitude
(b) 0° longitude
(c) 180° latitude
(d) 180° longitude
Ans: (d)

Which continent contains about 80% of water present on the surface of the earth?
(a) Antarctica
(b) Asia
(c) Australia
(d) None of these
Ans: (a)

Which is the most abundant element in Earth’s crust?
(a) Oxygen
(b) Zinc
(c) Silica
(d) Carbon
Ans: (a)

Which is the only island continent in the world?
(a) Greenland
(b) India
(c) Australia
(d) Iceland
Ans: (c)

Of the following items, which one is not considered to be biomass?
(a) Compost
(b) Agricultural Waste
(c) Sewage
(d) Plastic
Ans: (d)

The deepest point on earth is:
(a) Japan Trench
(b) Puerto Rico Trench
(c) Mariana Trench
(d) None of these
Ans: (c)

Mariana Trench is in:
(a) Pacific Ocean
(b) Arctic Ocean
(c) Antarctic Ocean
(d) None of these
Ans: (a)

All vital atmospheric processes leading to various climatic and weather changes take place in:
(a) Troposphere
(b) Exosphere
(c) Ionosphere
(d) Stratosphere
Ans: (a)

The slow wobbling of the earth as it spins around its axis is called:
(a) Aphelion
(b) Precession
(c) Eccentricity
(d) Extension
Ans: (b)

The blue color of the sky is mainly due to:
(a) More amount of blue color in sunlight
(b) Emission of blue light from air
(c) Presence of water vapor
(d) Blue light scatters more
Ans: (d)

Scale used for recording weather condition is known as:
(a) Centigrade
(b) Hygrometer
(c) Hydrometer
(d) Opisometer
Ans: (a)

Ozone holes are more pronounced at:
(a) Equator
(b) Tropic of Cancer
(c) Tropic of Capricorn
(d) Poles
Ans: (d)

The ‘Ocean of Storms’ is the name given to:
(a) Pacific Ocean
(b) Atlantic Ocean
(c) Waterless area on the moon
(d) None of the above
Ans: (c)

Pyrometer is used to measure:
(a) High Temperature
(b) Humidity
(c) Intensity of earthquakes
(d) Air pressure
Ans: (a)

Temperature generally decreases towards poles because:
(a) Cold polar air masses prevent surface heating of land
(b) Progressively lesser solar energy per unit area falls on the earth’s surface as we move to polar region
(c) Air flow is generally towards the Equator
(d) Cold surfaces do not absorb solar energy as readily as warm surfaces
Ans: (b)

The normal lapse rate of temperature in the troposphere is 1°C for every:
(a) 176 m
(b) 186 m
(c) 196 m
(d) 166 m
Ans: (d)

Rainbows are produced when sunlight:
(a) Incident on raindrops hanging in the atmosphere is dispersed after suffering reflection
(b) Incident on raindrops hanging in the atmosphere is dispersed after suffering refraction
(c) Incident on raindrops hanging in the atmosphere
(d) None of the
Ans: (a)

Which galaxy is our Solar System a part of?
(a) Milky Way
(b) Andromeda
(c) Triangulum
(d) Vode’s
Ans: (a)

Name the planet whose moon is Ganymede.
(a) Venus
(b) Jupiter
(c) Mars
(d) Neptune
Ans: (b)

Which of the following planets is also known as the “Red Planet”?
(a) Venus
(b) Jupiter
(c) Mars
(d) Neptune
Ans: (a)

At hill stations, the boiling point of water will
(a) Increase
(b) Decrease
(c) Remain the same
(d) Never boil
Ans: (b)

Due to which of the following reasons, clouds do not precipitate in deserts?
(a) Low Pressure
(b) Low Humidity
(c) High Temperature
(d) High wind velocity
Ans: (b)

Precipitation in the form of a mixture of rain and snow is called:
(a) Sleet
(b) Snow
(c) Drizzle
(d) Hail
Ans: (a)

The longest river in the world is:
(a) Ganga
(b) Hwang Ho
(c) Indus
(d) Nile
Ans: (d)

Evaporation is the result of:
(a) Loss of heat
(b) Gain of heat
(c) Generation of heat
(d) None of these
Ans: (b)

Rotation of Earth causes deflection of wind by:
(a) Gravity force
(b) Gradient force
(c) Coriolis force
(d) Dynamic force
Ans: (c)

The vegetation that survives on aerial roots are:
(a) Caatinga
(b) Selvas
(c) Taiga
(d) Mangrove
Ans: (d)

Pisciculture refers to:
(a) Fish-Rearing
(b) Cattle Rearing
(c) Rearing of Insects
(d) None of these
Ans: (a)

Abundance of organic matter in soil is indicated by:
(a) Red colour
(b) Dark colour
(c) Grey colour
(d) Brown colour
Ans: (b)

Bauxite is an ore of which of the following?
(a) Lead
(b) Zinc
(c) Aluminium
(d) Iron
Ans: (a)

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